Songs. The spotted sandpiper (Actitis macularius) is a small shorebird, 18–20 cm (7.1–7.9 in) long. Spotted sandpiper females are aggressively territorial, not the males. The nest is a scrape on the ground and lined with loose plant material. About four pink eggs are laid, which are incubated by the male. During breeding season, the females can lay as many as four separate clutches of eggs conceived by four seperate males. A spotted sandpiper pair reverses the traditional roles found in most other bird species in a number of interesting ways. Low direct flight; wings flap in shallow arcs, producing clipped, stiff wing beats on drooping wings. The Spotted Sandpiper can be characterized as a "pioneering species" that quickly and frequently colonizes new sites, emigrates in response to reproductive failure, breeds at an early age, lives a relatively short time (breeding females live an average of only 3.7 years), lays many eggs per female per year, and has relatively low nest success. Spotted Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has olive-brown upperparts, white underparts with bold black spots, white eyebrow, barred tail and dull yellow legs. She is the one that establishes the territory by … SPOTTED SANDPIPER – (Actitis macularius) – (See images below) ... NESTING: There is an apparent role reversal between the sexes when choosing the territory, nesting and feeding the chicks. They lay 3 to 4 eggs in the nest, and only the male Spotted Sandpiper will keep the eggs warm. Nesting.--The breeding range of the spotted sandpiper, extending over a vast area of diversified land, ranging in altitude from sea-level to 14,000 feet, and including both arid and well-watered country, makes necessary in the bird a wide degree of adaptability in the choice of its nesting site. Other species breed with a single female per season and help her care for the brood. Spotted sandpipers nest on the ground. The female spotted sandpiper, for instance, migrates early to arrive at a potential nesting site before the male. Wings have white stripes visible in flight. Spotted Sandpipers use a rapid string of about 10 weet calls in the same manner as a song, for courtship and to communicate between pairs.. Calls. When alarmed, Spotted Sandpipers may give a pair of weet notes or, if warning chicks, make a metallic spink.Walking toward the nest, they make a simple pink sound, often three times in a row. We identified predators of Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia) nests before and after the establishment of a Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) colony on an island in north-central Minnesota. The Spotted Sandpiper’s sparse distribution, coupled with the limitations of the BBS survey method in monitoring shoreline nesting birds, means that statistical analyses of population trends are not as robust as they are for many landbirds that nest in grasslands and forests. During each summer breeding season, females may mate with and lay clutches for more than one male, leaving incubation to them. Some have intricate breeding rituals, and some breed with multiple females. Feeds mainly on small invertebrates such as midges and mayflies. Most Sandpipers nest on the ground, and nest structure varies from a simple dent in the sand to a pebble-lined nest. The Spotted Sandpiper has the ability to fly straight up out of the water and is one of the few shorebirds that will dive into the water to escape from predators. https://nature.mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/spotted-sandpiper Sandpiper reproduction varies drastically from species to species. The female lays eggs in a nest built on the ground. Structure varies from a simple dent in the sand to a pebble-lined nest territorial, not the males for than. Establishes the territory by … Songs clutches of eggs conceived by four seperate males Actitis macularius ) is a on... 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